Bioplastic Packaging Market Development and Demand Forecast to 2020

Bioplastic refer to a type of compostable plastic derived from renewable biomass source, such as potato-starch vegetable oil, corn-starch, microbial, and pea starch, instead of fossil-fuel based plastics that are made from petroleum products. Bio-derived bulk plastics such as polyethylene (PE), polylactic acid (PLA) and others have renewable raw material base. Biodegradable plastics support biowaste collection and thereby increase waste stream efficiency.

Ongoing development in cellulose conversion technology, which is used for the extraction of cellulose from non-food crops such as husks, corn, wood and grass, is expected to improve yield quality and quantity of the bioplastic in coming years. Cellulose waste is the cheapest raw material having environmental advantages over petroleum based polymer market, which can further drive bioplastic packaging market.

Additionally, consumer concern over environmental changes and greenhouse effect coupled with considerable media reporting has made consumers alert and aware about the advantages of bioplastic packaging. Bioplastics have several advantages as compared to conventional plastics such as improved barrier effect, attractive appearance, biodegradable and recyclable, lower greenhouse gases, and antistatic behavior.

The use of excessive fossil fuel based plastic has led to increase in toxic landfills, polluted water and carbon dioxide emission, which is further affecting soil fertility and public health around the world. As a result, government of various countries has been encouraging production and use of bioplastic, especially for the non-durable consumer goods packaging requirement.

On the basis of various product types, the global bioplastic packaging market can be divided as renewable base and petrochemical base. Further, the renewable base bioplastic can be further segmented as bio-derived polyethylene (PE), starch, aliphatic and aromatic polyesters, cellulose, polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), molded fiber, aliphatic-aromatic co-polyester (AAC), polylactic acid (PLA), water soluble polymer (WSP) and others.

Based on packaging type, global bioplastic packaging market can be categorized as rigid plastic packaging and flexible packaging. On the basis of the end user of the bioplastic, the global bioplastic packaging market can be divided as catering and foodservice packaging, beverage packaging, nonfood packaging and others.

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