The bio alcohol market is growing due to increase in scarcity of non renewable resources and rise in crude oil prices. The fastest growing problem for the environment is the cars emitting carbon dioxide (CO2) and the green house effect. Bio alcohol production process property to reduce the carbon footprint is becoming an opportunity for the bio alcohol market to grow at a considerable rate in the coming years. Rise in demands of bio fuels from emerging regions have also opened up opportunities for the bio alcohol market to grow in the coming years.
Bio alcohols are sustainable organic chemicals owing essential physiological properties through the fermentation of cellulose or sugar. Bio alcohols are eco friendly in nature and used in applications such as transportation as an alternative to gasoline. Presently, bio alcohols are manufactured from feedstock such as biomass including organic wastes. With the technological advancement, cellulosic biomass usage is increasing and is expected to support the growth of the bio alcohols market. Cellulosic biomass is made up of very complex sugar molecules with the use of biomass such as switch grass and corn stover. Researchers are now able to use cellulosic biomass for improved bio fuel production, due to crucial advances in biotechnology.
Bio alcohol has various advantages over fossil fuels with regard to sulfur, nitrogen oxide, particles, hydrocarbon, ground ozone and carbon monoxide. The only increase in emissions in contrast with fossil fuels is formaldehyde and acetaldehyde that do not have any impact on the surroundings. Ethanol gases have less atmospheric reactivity and results in reduced oxidant (ozone) formation. With the increased use of ethanol such as benzene and butadiene, gene toxic substances will reduce immensely in the atmosphere. Many cancer cases that occur due to air pollution are mainly caused by automobiles and it will reduce by using ethanol, because ethanol and methanol gives out advanced steam pressure after getting mixed in petrol. Steam pressure remains unchanged even after changing the composition of ethanol and methanol in petrol.
The bio alcohol market can be categorized on the basis of type as bio butanol, bio BDO, bio ethanol and bio methanol. On the basis of applications, the bio alcohol market can be further categorized as infrastructure, transportation and medical. Transportation industry leads the bio alcohols market in 2014.
Germany has been the largest consumer and producer of bio alcohols in 2014. One of the major factors for the growth of bio alcohols market in Germany is the severe government regulations regarding sustainable and greener environment. However, the shortage in availability of bio based raw materials is posing a major challenge for the bio alcohols market in Germany.
U.S. held the second position in the bio alcohols market in 2014. The U.S. government took numerous initiatives for shifting the production of bio based chemicals. Government supports and funds the bio based chemicals manufacturers, such as the biorefinery assistance program conducted in the U.S. states that companies producing high performance bio based chemicals and products will only be eligible for loan guarantees, along with building the essential manufacturing plants. Emerging regions such as, South America is also showing positive inclination towards advanced applications of bio ethanol, which is a major product in the bio alcohols market.
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